By Elena Fisun
The article is devoted to the peculiarities of supervision in the strategic approach. The strategic therapist operates with the following dynamic parameters: communication, communication patterns, family myths. A significant aspect for a strategic therapist is the concept of dominion in the family. The specificity of strategic psychotherapy, which associated with focusing on the problem, attention to hierarchy, focusing on the present and the future, getting a new emotional corrective experience, directivity, determines the specifics of the supervisory process. The tasks of supervision in the strategic approach are:
1. To help the therapist to develop a strategy of impact on the problem, taking into account the individual characteristics of the family.
2. To help to develop a strategy that is suitable for a particular therapist, taking into account his style, emotional characteristics, age, experience, skills and abilities.
3. To help the therapist to expand its therapeutic range.
In order to form an optimal strategy suitable for a particular therapist, it is necessary to carefully collect as much information about the individual characteristics of the therapist, to create a working alliance with the therapist. It is important for the supervisor to flexibly change the style of communication, working with different therapists.
The methods of indirect intervention applied in the strategic approach, such as paradoxical intervention, metaphors, the technique of "pretense", the illusion of an alternative, the technique of "confusion", the assumption of error, can be used as effective means to facilitate the implementation of these tasks in the supervisory process. Their application reduces resistance and/or uncertainty, anxiety of the therapist, especially novice. In addition, the use of direct interventions is appropriate. Strategic supervision is aimed at stimulating the creative activity of the therapist, the formation of flexibility of his thinking, professional competence and independence.
Keywords: supervision, strategic psychotherapy, indirect intervention, metaphor, paradox